The Kingdom of Bahrain is one of the Gulf countries, located on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, that is an island and the
smallest Arab nation. It covers an area of 665 square kilometers (253 square meters), with Saudi Arabia to its west and Qatar to its south-east. Freehold
ownership of property in Bahrain was issued as Royal Decree (43) of 2003, providing property owners with a renewable self-sponsorship residence permit.